Abstract

As technology becomes increasingly intelligent and progressively gains agency, the relationship between system and human is redefined. Conventional interaction design methodologies cannot fully encompass the emerging new types of relationships, and new methods are necessary to address interaction at early stages in the design process. Both design metaphors and enactment techniques have been suggested as a way forward, and this paper explores whether a combination of the two can support the design of interaction with future autonomous systems. In three workshops, 27 participants in total utilised this combination of methods to design the interaction with an autonomous vehicle. The analysis of the workshops shows that the combination of the methods manages to support the imagining and design, where the metaphors aided the creation of a joint conceptual vision of the relationship, and the enactment created tangible experiences and contextualisation of the design concepts. Nine guidelines for the use of the methods when designing intelligent systems are defined, based on the insights from the workshops.

Keywords:

design methods; metaphors; enactment; autonomous vehicles

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License

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Jun 25th, 12:00 AM

Horse, Butler or Elevator? Metaphors and enactment as a catalyst for exploring interaction with autonomous technology

As technology becomes increasingly intelligent and progressively gains agency, the relationship between system and human is redefined. Conventional interaction design methodologies cannot fully encompass the emerging new types of relationships, and new methods are necessary to address interaction at early stages in the design process. Both design metaphors and enactment techniques have been suggested as a way forward, and this paper explores whether a combination of the two can support the design of interaction with future autonomous systems. In three workshops, 27 participants in total utilised this combination of methods to design the interaction with an autonomous vehicle. The analysis of the workshops shows that the combination of the methods manages to support the imagining and design, where the metaphors aided the creation of a joint conceptual vision of the relationship, and the enactment created tangible experiences and contextualisation of the design concepts. Nine guidelines for the use of the methods when designing intelligent systems are defined, based on the insights from the workshops.

 

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